Phoenix Single Bush Oolong tea/ FengHuang DanCong Oolong Tea

Fenghuang dancing is a type of Oolong tea from Guangdong Province, one of the very few tea varieties from the region. It grows on Fenghuang Mountain in Chaozhou City. The region has mild and humid climate. Fenghuang dancing can be found in parts of the mountain 1000 meters above sea level.
The tea leaves are large and stalky. The color is that of a dark brown with a slight hint of red. Once brewed, the liquid is a clear golden color. The aroma evokes the fragrance of orchids. The taste and texture are earthy and smooth

History

The Phoenix tea has had a long history behind it. It was said that during South-Song Dynasty (南宋 Nan-Song), the Emperor went to Chao-shan (潮汕) and passed-by the Phoenix Mountain. He felt thirsty, and his servant plucked the leaves from tea tree and prepared the drink to serve. It quenched his thirst at once and he was very happy. Due to its shape of leaf which is similar to the beak of a bird, it was named "Beak Tea" (鸟嘴茶 Niao-zui Cha). Since then, it was widely planted. It was also named as Song Cultivar (宋种 Song-zhong) because it was planted since Song Dynasty. Up to date, the cultivar has lasted for more than 900 years. Since Ming Dynasty (明代 Ming-dai), it became the tribute tea to emperors.

Cultivar and Plucking

The name of 凤凰单丛 means the single shrub (单丛 Dan-cong) of tea cultivar. This is referring to the individual plant selected and cultivated from the group of Phoenix Shui-xian tea cultivars (凤凰水仙群体品种 Feng-huang Shui-xian Qun-ti Pin-zhong) found at the Phoenix Mountain (凤凰山Feng-huang Shan). There are many sub-cultivars under the group of Phoenix Shui-xian cultivars, and each individual shrub has its own characteristic in terms of the leaf and shape of tea tree. The made tea will give a wide range of aromatic profile which varies among different individual shrub. The mother plant of the cultivar is aged more than 200 years. This selected individual plant is particularly bred and processed. This is one of the remarkable cultivars among the Phoenix cultivars.

This cultivar is the small arbor (小乔木 Xiao-qiao-mu) with leaf of middle size in long-oval shape. The leaf is yellowish green in color with a sharp tip. The leaf is very thick but soft with bud in light yellowish green color. The budding season starts by the end of March.
The plucking starts by the end of March. When the first buds grow and fully develop, it is called Zhu-ya (
驻芽). This indicates the starting of plucking season: the bud is plucked together with 2-3 leaves. In particular, the plucking is not carried out if leaf is covered with thick dew or after the rain. The hand-plucking is carried out with care in order not to cause damage to the leaf, and the plucked leaf must be lightly placed in the bamboo basket.

Brewing tea

Brewing dancing's is a lot of fun, especially with premium dancing's that all have beautiful and complete leaves and the aroma and taste are superbly clean, focused and refined. You will be surprised by the strength and the durability of them:  using a slightly cooler water temperature (~195 to 200F) than for yen cha, and keep the steeping time less than 45 seconds.

Chao Zhou Gong-fu Style

In Chao Zhou area, there is a unique brewing technique called either Chao Zhou brewing style or Gong-fu brewing style. This brewing method requires a higher ratio of tea leaves to the volume of water. The Dan Cong tea will be steeped repeatedly, each for a brief time with boiling water. The advantage is shortening the brewing time and while extract concentrated flavors from tea leaves instantly. Less brewing time minimizes the contact of tea leaves with hot water. Eventually tea leaves are not overheated and we can enjoy a very fresh and original flavor of tea from each brewing. In addition, it is easier to make tea tastes much thicker and richer with this brewing method. If one is getting used to very thick Phoenix tea brewed in Chao Zhou style, it is hard for them to enjoy lightly brewed tea anymore. Since this method requires higher ratio of tea leaves, it is advisable to use smaller tea ware so as to minimize the consumption of tea leaves, thus preventing wastage especially those very high-end Phoenix Dan Cong tea from old tea trees.
In Chao Zhou, most of people use a Gaiwan to brew tea. It is suitable to use the Gaiwan with a capacity volume of about 50-100ml. Since you can brew most of Phoenix Dan Cong teas up to 10 - 20 times, a small Gaiwan is very ideal.

Phoenix Dancong ---Ba Xian (八仙)

Phoenix Dancong Ba Xian grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. Ba Xian means Eight Immortals in a Chinese fairy who can do anything, very successful men.

The tea trees of Phoenix Dancong Ba Xian in our farm are about 200-500 years old. Phoenix Ba Xian is a super premium tea in Oolong tea. It grows in rocks in wild. With long time accumulation of minerals from the rocks, Ba Xian gives you an intensive taste of fruit, which lingers in your teeth and throat for more than half an hour. The local villagers have a saying: “ After one cup of Ba Xian, the flavor still lingers in your throat when you are at downtown (it takes more than one hour to travel from Phoenix mountain to downtown Chaozhou). We may see the old age of Ba Xian tea tree from the picture.

Like wrinkles of old man, the hundreds of years old tree has holes in their bottom trunk .We let the trees grow by nature, no pesticides given to Ba Xian trees. We also do not cut the grass or other plants surrounded Ba Xian tree so as to keep it in a naturally good biological environment.Ba Xian likes old wine that gives you the taste of matured mellow flavor.


Phoenix Dancong--- Song Zhong (宋种)

Phoenix Dancong Song Zhong, grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. It has been planted since Song dynasty. It is said that in Song Dynasty, Emperor Song travelled to Phoenix Moutain, he drunk some water cooked with wild leaves and found it very refreshing and tasty. From then on, people planted this tea tree and called it Song Zhong,meaning the plant from Song Dynasty.

Song Zhong enhances strong honey flavor and smooth taste. It is the top one tea in Oolong tea. In 1976, Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, visited China and was invited to have a try of Song Zhong. He praised that this tea is very refreshing and loved it very much.It is the best afternoon tea which help you to keep still fresh in the afternoon. It is also Great at breaking down oily or fatty food.


Phoenix Dancong---Wild-grown Baiye (野生白叶)

Phoenix Wild Baiye Dancong grows in phoenix mountain at the altitude more than 1000 meters, Chaozhou, China. Growing up in the high mountain CLIFF, shrouded in fog, wild grown Baiye Dangcong absorbs rich minerals and wild flower flavor which create unique aroma gifted by nature. The wild Baiye Dangcong tea trees scattered all over the high mountain without any human care. They love to grow in cliff gaps and

grow in harmony with all kinds of wild plants in the mountain. In such an originally biological environment, the Wild Baiye Dangcong teas bring you natural taste like orchid, peach, honey. This tea may help your body to keep in good balance by natural nutrition.

Phoenix Dancong Da Wu Ye(大乌叶)

Phoenix Dancong Da Wu Ye, grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. The tea trees in our tea mountain range from around 100 years to 300 years. It is well known with its high magnolia aroma when it is brewed. When you drink a cup of Da Wu Ye, the first feeling is magnolia aroma, and then comes sweet fruit aroma, finally the sweet and pleasant aroma fly from your mouth to your heart, making you feel fresh and happy.


Phoenix Dancong Dong Fang Hong (Oriental Red) (东方红)

Phoenix Dancong Dong Fang Hong grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. It grows in the very rocky area in Phoenix Mountain. It has quite high flower aroma. In 1970’s, this tea was chosen as the best tea to sent to Chairman Mao, former China president who is taken as a great man in China. Chairman’s office sent back a thank you letter after Mao’s try. The letter says Mao loved it very much . From then on , this tea was named Dong Fang Hong(oriental red) which means very good quality and famous . Actually this tea has a history more than 300 years, before Dong Fang Hong, it was named by the local farmer with a slang which is hard to spell in Chinese.


Phoenix Dancong Qun Ti Xiang (Mixture of several kinds of fruit flavor)群体香

Phoenix Dancong Qun Ti Xiang grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. It has the natural fruit aroma produced by the nature. This aroma like mixture of all kinds juice, however, it let you experience different fruit flavors in one cup of tea, like peach, nut, and lychee. It grows in the mountain which is covered by heavy fog in the early morning and at dawn. The mountain also has rich minerals in the special rocky red soil. This magical aroma can only be produced by Phoenix Mountain rock and fog which give birth to this special fruit aroma. This tea absorbs rich minerals from the rocky earth. So you may enjoy a fruit tea without putting any fruit into the tea.


Phoenix Oolong Zhi Lan Xiang (Orchid flavor)芝兰香

Phoenix Oolong Zhi Lan Xiang, grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China.It is a popular Phoenix Oolong tea. It has the natural orchid flavor. When you are enjoying cup of Zhi Lan Xiang, it seems that orchid flower is blooming around you. The old tea tree of Zhi Lan Xiang produces tea that can be brewed more than 20 times which still has orchid flavor. We chose tea trees from the mountain that the altitude is more than 1000 meters, far away from industrial area.


Phoenix Oolong Xing Ren Xiang ,Almond flavor 杏仁香

Phoenix Oolong Xin Ren Xiang (Almond flavor), grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. It is well known with its high aroma of almond. The tea’s silky taste with almond flavor brings you fantastic experience. Chaozhou people take this tea as precious tea when they send tea gift to friends or important people. It has quite limited volume each year for the high mountain Xin Ren Xiang.

Feng Huang Dancong -Osmanthus Aroma (桂花香)Osmanthus is helpful for warming stomach and driving away coldness, while Phoenix Dancong is good for digestion and anti-oxidation. We bake Phoenix Dancong with Osmanthus flowers, which makes amazing sweet osmanthus and tea aroma. It is a special select tea for cold season, which warms you up and keeps your body in good balance. 

Traditional Chinese medicine emphasizes keeping warm in cold days. Only when your body is warm, you may be strong and energetic. Osmanthus Dancong helps your body to keep warm and at the same time helps you to clean your stomach and intestines. So when a person is warm and clean, he/she may feel good in cold days. 

Let’s have a cup of Osmanthus Dancong while enjoy beautiful snow scenery. 


Fenghuang LaoCong ShuiXian(tea tree around 400-650 years, 老枞水仙)

Phoenix Dancong Old Shuixian, grows in Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou, China. Shuixian is the ancestor of Phoenix Dancong family. Long tree ages help the tea tree to have rich minerals which bring strong aftertaste to Old Shuixian. Its flavor is not high, but subtle , which can linger in the mouth and throat for a long time, at least half an hour. The first sip takes you woody flavor, then nuts flavor, finally it takes you fresh and slight flower flavor like flowers blooming in spring. Old Shuixian like Chinese herb which is very good for body health, such as lowering down blood fat, anti-oxidation, and also keeping body in good balance. 

Phoenix Shuixian is unique Old Shuixian in the world. Wuyi Shuixian is more famous then Phoenix Shuixian in China since Wuyi Shuixian has been given a lot of event marketing and speculation. However, Wuyi Shuixian are quite young trees, and it is hard to find Wuyi Shuixian that are more than 400 years, most of them are from 10-30years. Since Wuyi Shuixian is transplanted from Phoenix Shuixian species, Wuyi Shuixian can not carry as much good quality as Phoenix Shuixian during the transplantation. Wuyi Shuixian has much more production than Phoenix Shuixian.


Phoenix Dancong Xuepiansnow flake) 雪片单枞茶

Snow Flake—Encounter Spring in Winter

Snow flakes NOT snow, but tea. In ancient time, Phoenix mountain was so cold that snow fell down in early winter. When the tea leaves were covered with light snow, it looked like Xuepian(snow flake). That is why we call it Xuepian(snow flake). Phoenix Dancong Xuepian has experienced frost, even snow, and this make the tea leaves smell better with quite high orchid flavor. It is the natural orchid flavor that comes out from Xuepian. 

When you pour down the hot water, high orchid aroma surrounds you, and it seems that you are having a flower aroma SPA from nose through your body. Phoenix Dancong Xuepian is so attractive that once you try it you will love it.

This is an amazing Chinese tea which only has limited yield, since it can only grows in Phoenix mountain and produces in early winter.