White tea 白茶; is a lightly oxidized tea grown and harvested almost exclusively in China, primarily in the Fujian province.White tea comes from the delicate buds and younger leaves of the Chinese Camellia sinensis plant. These buds and leaves are allowed to wither in natural sunlight (also known as wilting) before they are lightly processed to prevent oxidation or further fermentation. This protects not only the delicate flavor of the white tea, but also retains high levels of the chemicals responsible for the tea's health benefits.The name "white tea" derives from the fine silvery-white hairs on the unopened buds of the tea plant, which gives the plant a whitish appearance.
Chinese Famous White Teas
Fuding White Tea (福鼎白茶) was originally produced on Taimu Mountain, Ningde. Fading (福鼎), Zhenghe (政和), Jianyang (建阳) and Songxi (松溪) in Fujian are the main growing and producing regions of white tea in China.Fuding White Tea has two main kinds, Silver Tip White Tea and White Peony Tea, both of which are rare and thus precious in the world. It was named as one of the 10 most famous teas at the 2010 Shanghai World Expo.
白毫银针White Silver Needle Tea
is produced at Fuding and Zhenghe areas in Fujian province.It is a top grade white tea. Single buds are plucked right when they fully develop and are ready to open. The beautifully ace rose buds are covered with silvery hairs,hence the tea named "silver tip white tea".It's taken as "the beauty" in teas.Tea lovers describe it as "white like cloud, green like dream, pure like snow, aromatic like orchid". When infusing, every bud stands in the cup upright just like bamboo shoots after a spring rain.Silver tip white tea offers a light yellow liquor with an extraordinary fresh aroma and refreshing taste.Medically white tea is refreshing and is good for the stomach. It can also be used to dispel the heat.
白牡丹Bai Mu Dan or Pai Mu Dan (White Peony)
Same as silver tip white tea, white peony tea is mainly produced at Fuding and Zhenghe areas in Fujian province. White peony tea is also a delicious white tea that consists of
buds and leaves picked from great white tea plant in the early spring,sometimes blended with buds and leaves plucked from daffodil plant.
The liquor created is a very pale hay or champagne color with a slightly nutty aroma. The taste is sweet, nutty and can be slightly vegetal with a smooth and velvety mouth feel.
is a white tea that is produced from naturally withered upper leaf and tips, with a stronger flavor reminiscent of lighter Oolong teas. It is mostly grown in the Fujian Province or Guangxi Province in China. Because it is plucked later than Bai Mu Dan the tea may be darker in color, but it should still have a proportionate green color.
Manufacturing of White Tea
white tea is manufactured with minimal treatment, and it is rapidly steamed and dried, leaving the leaves fresh.White tea is harvested when the buds on the trees are still covered with fine white
haired the leaves have not yet fully opened. After plucked, fresh tea leaves are sunshine withered and dried, and the leaves are kept relatively fresher than those green or black tea. With a
lighter and sweeter taste after processing, white tea discloser to fresh tea leaves than green tea, and is far different from the other varieties of tea.Usually, white tea is processed with only
two procedures, withering and drying.Sometimes, the same processing method, such as sunshine drying, can be looked upon as both withering and drying. The earliest manufacturing method is sun
drying for white tea. Modern diverse white tea can be manufactured by three methods of sun drying, airing, and basket frying. White tea can be manufactured in the spring,summer, and autumn, but
not the winter. Usually, spring white tea has premium quality, autumn white tea is next, and summer white tea is the lowest grade.
Health Benefit of Drinking White Tea
White tea is a true tea, meaning it is made from the buds and leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, grown traditionally in China but now also parts of Taiwan and northern Thailand. It is uncured and unfermented. Unlike other more processed teas, the leaves and buds of white tea are left to wither in natural sunlight to prevent oxidation allowing for more pure and potent nutritional value.
Here are 11 health benefits of white tea:
Studies show white tea has the most anti-cancer potential of any variety of tea. It is a powerful antioxidant, rich with flavonoids, a class of antioxidants commonly associated with cancer prevention. Flavonoids not only inhibit the growth of cancer cells, they can help prevent new ones from developing.
A study at Oregon State University showed white tea to be as effective as sulindac, a prescription drug used to treat colon tumors. Drinking white tea in conjunction with sulindac may be even more effective. White tea is also undergoing intense cancer research in regards to a potentially powerful phytonutrient it contains called Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Research is still preliminary, but EGCG shows promise as a powerful cancer fighting aid.
The antioxidant activity in white tea is extremely good. White tea provides a wide range of powerful antioxidants. It is a particularly good source of a class of flavonoids. Flavonoids are not only touted for their anti-cancer properties and their ability to reduce free radical damage in the body, but their ability to enhance the effects of vitamin C and other antioxidants.
White tea is a potent supplier of catechizes, a group of antioxidants shown to help reduce cholesterol.
Lower Blood Pressure
Studies show white tea can help improve artery function by promoting strong blood vessels and helping to thin the blood.
One study suggested that drinking two cups of white tea per day helped prevent heart disease and heart attack. It's clear that low blood pressure, reduced cholesterol and high antioxidant activity are all excellent contributors to great cardiovascular health.
A study at Kingston University found white tea to have strong anti-inflammatory properties and could potentially reduce the risks of developing rheumatoid arthritis. White tea may also help reduce the symptoms of other problems associated with chronic inflammation as well as mild aches and pain.
Antibacterial & Antiviral
A study at Pace University showed white tea extract to slow bacterial growth and reduce viral activity.
The high antioxidant activity in white tea has been linked with healthier skin. One study showed that white tea may prevent certain enzymes from breaking down elastin and collagen, a cause of wrinkles that often comes with aging. A study at the Skin Study Center at University Hospitals of Cleveland found that white tea boosted the immune system when skin was exposed to ultra violet radiation.
A health and nutrition specialist at North Dakota State University published an article that suggested people who drink white tea are much less likely to develop insulin-resistant diabetes than those who do not. It is thought that the flavonoid and catechin content in white tea contribute to this resistance.
Healthy Teeth and Gums
White tea kills bacteria that can cause gum disease, plaque and halitosis. It also contains fluoride, a nutrient known to promote healthy teeth and gums.
Preliminary studies claim that white tea may contain fat reducing substances. More research is needed but some scientists believe that drinking white tea regularly may help prevent obesity and aid in weight loss.